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Butyrate, a Postbiotic of Intestinal Bacteria, Affects Pancreatic Cancer and Gemcitabine Response in in Vitro and in Vivo Models

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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive cancer. The characteristic excessive stromatogenesis accompanying the growth of this tumor is believed to contribute to chemoresistance which, together with drug toxicity, results in poor clinical outcome. An increasing number of studies are showing that gut microbiota and their metabolites are implicated in cancer pathogenesis, progression and response to therapies. {/subhead]

In this study we tested butyrate, a product of dietary fibers’ bacterial fermentation, whose anticancer and anti-inflammatory functions are known. We provided in vitro evidence that, beside slowing proliferation, butyrate enhanced gemcitabine effectiveness against two human pancreatic cancer cell lines, mainly inducing apoptosis. In addition, we observed that, when administered to a PDAC mouse model, alone or combined with gemcitabine treatment, butyrate markedly reduced the cancer-associated stromatogenesis, preserved intestinal mucosa integrity and affected fecal microbiota composition by increasing short chain fatty acids producing bacteria and decreasing some pro-inflammatory microorganisms. Read more . . .  

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