Glossary of Terms
There are currently 27 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
The belly; the part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and pelvis.
One of the approved chemotherapy drugs for pancreatic cancer, it inhibits cell division and promotes cell death. It is often given with gemcitabine.
Genetic changes that develop during a person’s lifetime, either as a random error made in DNA copying or as a result of harmful environmental factors.
Practice of inserting needles through the skin into specific points on the body to reduce pain or induce anesthesia.
Cancer that begins with cells that line certain internal organs and have gland-like properties.
Documents involved in a patient’s healthcare that allow others to know which types of care that patient wants and does not want, or to determine who will make medical decisions if the patient cannot do so.
An approved antineoplastic chemotherapy drug used to treat pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
Alcohol nerve block
Procedure in which a local anesthetic is injected into the nerve root of the celiac plexus using guidance by ultrasonography or computed tomography to produce numbness or reduce pain.
Treatments that have not been scientifically tested and are used in place of traditional therapies. (See also Unconventional therapy.)
Ampulla of Vater
Enlargement of the ducts from the liver and pancreas at the point where they enter the small intestine; bile from the liver and secretions from the pancreas come through the Ampulla of Vater to mix with food in the duodenum and aid digestion.
The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity of hemoglobin. Anemia diminishes the capacity of the blood to carry oxygen.
Formation of new blood vessels; some cancer treatments work by blocking angiogenesis, called antiangiogenesis, with the goal of slowing or preventing tumor growth.
A condition marked by a diminished appetite and aversion to food. Patients with advanced cancer may have anorexia-related weight loss, or wasting.
Proteins in the plasma and serum of the immune system that help the body fight infections. Also called immunoglobulin.
Drugs used to prevent or treat seizures; they may also be used to enhance the effect of pain medications.
Drugs used to treat depression; they may also be used to enhance the effect of pain medications.
A cancer drug that prevents the "building blocks" of the genetic code from being used.