Glossary of Terms
There are currently 14 names in this directory beginning with the letter G.
A chemotherapy drug frequently used to treat pancreatic cancer. It has been shown, in controlled clinical trials, to improve quality of life.
The functional and physical unit of heredity passed from parent to child; most genes contain the information for making a specific protein. Genes are composed of DNA.
Discussion with a counselor with specific expertise in diseases caused by abnormal cells that are inherited from family members.
A change in the DNA sequence that makes a gene different from what is normally seen. Mutations cause many different variances in genes, and the majority are harmless. But some mutations make people more likely to develop certain diseases, including cancer.
Medical testing of a person’s DNA, which can identify changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins that indicate the existence of a genetic disorder or disease.
A change in the genes of the sperm or egg cells, which becomes part of the DNA of any offspring. Also called hereditary mutation.