Glossary of Terms
There are currently 19 names in this directory beginning with the letter E.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Scale
A rating scale of one's ability to do daily activities.
A gland that secretes its hormone directly into the bloodstream that flows through it, rather than through an opening; endocrine tissue comprises 5 percent of the pancreas.
Thin, tube-like instrument used to look at tissue inside the body; an endoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may have a tool to remove tissue.
A type of biopsy that uses a long, thin tube with a camera on the end to go down the esophagus to remove tissue samples.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Minimally invasive procedure during which a thin, lighted tube is passed down the throat, through the stomach and small intestine, and into the bile duct and pancreatic duct to view them for obstruction and to take X-rays.
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)
Procedure in which an endoscope is inserted down the throat and into the stomach and duodenum; a probe at the end of the endoscope is used to bounce high-energy sound waves off internal organs to make images.
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body and that the body produces naturally; enzymes help the body with functions such as digesting food.
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
A protein on the edge of a cell that sends signals for the cell to grow.
Erlotinib hydrochloride (Tarceva)
One of the approved chemotherapy drugs for pancreatic cancer, it is a receptor kinase inhibitor and prevents cancer cells from multiplying.
The tube that connects the throat with the stomach; the esophagus lies between the trachea (windpipe) and the spine; it passes down the neck, pierces the diaphragm, and joins the upper end of the stomach.
An approved antineoplastic chemotherapy drug used to treat pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
A gland that secretes its fluid through a duct; exocrine tissue comprises 95 percent of the pancreas.