The human microbiome encompasses the viruses, bacteria, and fungi living in the human body. Changes in the composition of the microbiome can lead to dysbiosis, which affects the interactions with the normal host cells — in particular, the innate immune system.3 This imbalance is linked to multiple disease states within neurology, cardiology, pulmonology, gastroenterology, and oncology.
Although dysbiosis is not yet fully understood, it is thought to be driven by the “common ground” hypothesis, which posits that multiple exogenous and endogenous factors promote inflammation within the lining of the intestinal tract, leading to increased permeability. This facilitates the spread of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and fungi to multiple organ systems. Read more . . .