T-lymphocyte-based immunoscore has proved to be a prognostic factor in colon cancer, but its significance in pancreatic cancer is poorly known. Total of 108 patients operated (R0/R1) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) (TNM stage I–II) were included in the study.
Immune cell score (IS) was determined by scoring the samples from grade 0 to 4 according to the number of immune cells (CD3+ and CD8+) in tumor core and invasion margin using tissue microarrays, immunohistochemistry, and digital analysis. Tumors with microsatellite instability were identified by MLH1 immunostaining. Read more . . .